Respond to at least two of your peers. In your responses, describe how these styles of education may have different implications for different types of student learners, and address whether or not a unique learning style would benefit from the benefits they have listed for a particular educational style.

Education Options [WLOs: 2] [CLOs: 4, 6]

Prior to completing this discussion, please read Chapters 9, 10 and Section 15.1 in the textbook and the A Comparison of Montessori and Traditional Middle Schools: Motivation, Quality of Experience, and Social Context (Links to an external site.) article. Additionally, watch the Montessori Vs Conventional Schools (Links to an external site.) and Exploring Borderlands–American Passages: A Literary Survey videos.

In this post of a minimum of 300 words, you will explore the role of community agencies (more specifically, schools) in developing the optimum learning and pro-social behavior of children. Complete the following:

  • Explain the major approaches of Montessori-style education and of traditional education formats for children.
  • Then Create a TablePreview the document describing three benefits and three drawbacks of each style, addressing each of the three domains covered in this course.

Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your peers. In your responses, describe how these styles of education may have different implications for different types of student learners, and address whether or not a unique learning style would benefit from the benefits they have listed for a particular educational style. Provide either a different benefit or drawback than the one your classmate found regarding one type of education. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful and interactive discourse in this discussion forum.

APA citations and annotations for four (4) sources you deem  relevant to answering your research question and addressing your thesis;  however, you are only required to reference three (3) scholarly sources in your final research paper.

Annotated Bibliography  

The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate progress in  compiling research and to indicate a methodology for organizing your  research sources.

Include the following in your annotated bibliography:

  • APA citations and annotations for four (4) sources you deem  relevant to answering your research question and addressing your thesis;  however, you are only required to reference three (3) scholarly sources in your final research paper.

For each source:

  • List the source in proper APA format. The references should be  organized in alphabetical order by author as on an APA bibliography  page.
  • Follow the source with a brief annotation that summarizes the source information (approximately 3–5 sentences). You may quote briefly from the source,
    but do not copy and paste from the abstract. Include internal citations as needed.
  • In 1 or 2 sentences, explain and  evaluate the source’s relevance and significance to your thesis. Does  the information from this source support
    or discredit your thesis?
  • Use an academic tone and style.

 

Research Paper Outline

The purpose of this assignment is to draft and submit a complete,  organized, detailed outline of your research paper in APA format, with  sources cited and referenced accurately.

Adhere to the following guidelines for drafting and submitting your outline:

  • Use standard alphanumeric outline format
  • Include your thesis at the top of the page before you start your outline
  • Include APA in-text citations for at least three scholarly sources
  • Include an APA formatted reference page
  • Include a title page
  • Use current APA Style throughout

Attached is the topic for both the outline and annotated bibliography

1. What are the primary principles of Universal Design and how can these be applied to various educational contexts? 2. What have you learned from reading the personal narratives about people with differing disabilities?

Weekly Discussion

Please make sure to read the assigned Readings for Diversity and Social Justice, Section 6.  After you have gone through the material, please answer the following set of questions in a well-structured and comprehensive answer. Please make sure to address ALL parts of the question.

Required Text: Maurianne Adams; Warren J. Blumenfeld, D. Chase J. Catalano, Keri “Safire” DeJong, Heather

W. Hackman, Larissa E. Hopkins, Barbara J. Love, Madeline L. Peters, Davey Shlasko,

and Ximena Zúñiga, eds. Readings for Diversity and Social Justice. Routledge: 2018. 4th

edition.

Your answers should be at least 500 words (total for all parts of the question), and include 2-3 additional sources, beside the textbook.  The suggestions for additional sources can be found in the textbook; you can also include news sources.

5 Questions:

1. What are the primary principles of Universal Design and how can these be applied to various educational contexts?

2. What have you learned from reading the personal narratives about people with differing disabilities?

3. How does this social construction of disabilities impact institutional policies, and societal and individual behaviors regarding disabilities?  In other words, how have people with disabilities been marginalized in the past and present at those three levels?  Please be specific and provide examples to support your answers.

4. How do you feel when you see a person with a visible disability on the street, in a coffee shop, in a bank, in the classroom, etc. (feel free to include other places as well)?  Based on your feelings, what actions do you undertake?

5. In your assessment, how do your reactions, or lack thereof, to people with disabilities affect them?  In addition to your personal experiences, please use the personal narratives about people with differing disabilities (included in the Voices section) to supplement your assessment.

Describe factors that will influence how consumers view and, ultimately, purchase products and services. Explain the steps in the consumer decision-making process and how they relate to your selected article.

here are two assignment.

i need them in 15 hours

write them in different documents

assignemnt one

For this assignment, you will create a PowerPoint presentation that completes the following:  Explore the history of psychopathology, including historical approaches, institutional treatments, and methods used today. Ensure that you explore the conceptualization of mental illness over time and describe the evolution of mental illness treatment methods.  Analyze the influence of nature versus nurture among the current psychological paradigms by explaining whether each school of thought tends toward nature, nurture, or both. Please justify your reasoning with one original example for each. Your presentation should be at least eight slides long, not counting the title slide and reference slide, and should follow APA formatting and guidelines. References should be properly cited in a reference list at the end of your presentation. You may utilize bullets, lists, charts, tables, paragraphs, images, etc. for your presentation. Ensure the presentation that you create is your own authentic work. A minimum of two credible sources should be used for this assignment. One of the sources can be the textbook.  Do not utilize the note section of your presentation. Do not narrate your presentation.

assignment two

ummarize the article, and include an analysis of how the actions of consumers could affect the organization as a whole. Describe factors that will influence how consumers view and, ultimately, purchase products and services. Explain the steps in the consumer decision-making process and how they relate to your selected article. Your response should be a minimum of two pages in length and be double-spaced. ; at minimum, you should have two sources on the reference page. All sources used must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations and be cited per APA guidelines.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

For this assignment, select a peer-reviewed journal article relating to an area of problem solving, decision making, or an intelligence theory that was discussed in class (e.g., fluid or crystalline intelligence, primary/secondary reinforcers, biases, or effective problem-solving strategies).

The article must meet the following criteria:

  1. The article must be from a peer-reviewed journal.
  2. The article must be obtained from the GCU Library. (VERY IMPORTANT)
  3. The article must be a research study, rather than a literature review (i.e., the article has to have methods, results, and discussion sections).
  4. The article must utilize a cognitive or behavioral theory, model, or effect.
  5. The purpose of this article review is to get you to think critically about an area of cognition or learning. After reading your chosen article, address the following questions. Use subheadings to differentiate between the various aspects of your review. Remember, APA guidelines can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

Major Findings/Conclusions:

  1. Be sure to include the major findings of the study.
  2. What conclusions did the researchers draw from the data?

Implications for the Field of Psychology (how the findings could be used/applied in the field):

  1. Include how the results of the study can be applied (e.g., why are the findings of the study important?). These may be the implications the authors put forth, or your own ideas (be sure to cite if they are not your ideas).
  2. How would psychology/education/counseling professionals benefit (learn) from the findings?
  3. How might the results improve knowledge or application in the field? What should psychology professionals “take away” from the findings?

Method/Participants:

  1. Describe the basics of how the study was conducted. What procedures were used?
  2. Who were the participants?

Strengths/Limitations of the Study:

  1. Include at least one strength AND one limitation you saw in the study.
  2. Explain why you believe each is a strength or limitation. Hint: study findings are not “strengths” in and of themselves.

The article review should be 1,000-1,250 words. Include a minimum of three scholarly articles.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competency: 4.4: Explain the importance of maintaining knowledge of current trends in psychology.

 Assignment Requirements You will write one 3-5 page (excluding title page and reference pages) paper that demonstrates your comprehension and application of important communication concepts in analyzing communication phenomena.

Assignment Requirements You will write one 3-5 page (excluding title page and reference pages) paper that demonstrates your comprehension and application of important communication concepts in analyzing communication phenomena. Your paper will be based on an integration of your observation/experience of communication, your engagement with our textbook, your participation in our discussion forums, and your library research. The purpose of this assignment is to introduce the practice of examining a topic in depth and using research resources. You are not expected to make any fresh discoveries or solve any long-standing problems in communication. You only need to look into a topic that you find interesting, and report on what you learned about it. Based on your research, write a short paper about an issue, theory, or concept in communication studies. You must pick a topic from the list below. Paper Content  Part I: Conceptual discussion-Discuss the chosen topic in-depth by o Providing definition o Elaborating on the different aspects or implications of the topic and, o Illustrating the topic with specific factual or hypothetical examples (or personal examples, if appropriate).  Part II: Application and/or reflection: Discuss how an understanding of this topic could help or has helped someone (or you) communicate more effectively, or live more happily or successfully, in social or professional situations. o Note: You do not have to follow the exact order of Part I and Part II in your paper, but you must address both parts in your paper in order to receive a passing grade. Paper Format  Papers must be written in Standard English with standard usage (punctuation, spelling, etc.)  Cite at least TWO credible sources (in addition to our textbook) in APA citation style (see instructions and examples of APA citation in a separate file). There is no restriction on the type of source you cite. You can cite books, periodicals, journal articles from our university library’s database, or even websites. However, you must cite credible sources which are written by authorities in the field, or published by trustworthy organizations. You cannot cite Wikipedia (the online encyclopedia) as one of your sources, but you can use it as a springboard for your research. This means that you can use Wikipedia as a starting point to find some other more credible sources such as books or articles (from the reference lists at the end of the entries) for your research.  Papers should be 3-5 pages long (excluding title page and reference page). No abstract needed. The paper should be double-spaced and typed in Times New Roman 12pt font with four 1” margins. Assignment Assessment  Assignment grade: 100 points (out of 1000 points course total)  Content = 60% of grade; Standard English and usage = 30%; APA format = 10% Topic List  Transactional model of communication  Stereotype and communication  Attribution theory and communication  Interpersonal confirmation and supportive or defensive communication climate   Nonverbal communication (please pick two or three specific types of nonverbal communication to engage in an in-depth discussion including what the nonverbal communication is and the principles of the nonverbal communication)  Conflict and communication  Culture and communication  Individualistic culture and collectivist culture  Standpoint theory and communication  The model of attachment styles and communication  Self disclosure and communication  Relationship dialectics and interpersonal communication  Violence and abuse in personal relationships  Groupthink and group communication  Power and communication  Leadership in small groups and/or teams  Organizational culture  Workplace bullying and communication  Uses and gratification theory and mass communication  Agenda setting theory and mass communication  Cultivation theory and mass communication  Computer mediated communication Recommended Sources for Your Research  LSUA library resources o Library website: http://www.lsua.edu/library o Databases  Academic Search Complete  Communication & Mass Media Complete  PsycInfo  Jstor  Eric o Books and ebooks  Other online search engines and libraries o http://scholar.google.com/ o http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ o http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1083-6101 (Journal of Computer Mediated Communication) o www.wikipedia.com (please see the instruction above on how to use Wikipedia for your research)

Finally, explain in a paragraph how this process of retelling your own personal history from an objective viewpoint, has illuminated your understanding of how historiography (Chapter 1), shapes our knowledge and understanding of psychology’s historical past.

  • Schultz, D.P., & Schultz, S.E. (2011). A History of Modern Psychology, (Ed. 10th). Wadsworth Publishing: Belmont, CA.  ISBN-13: 978-1133316244

Background Information:

Historians of the history of psychology gather documents, artifacts, books, journals, writings, videos/film footage, pictures and interviews of contributors to the psychological discipline. However, much of what these historians gather is often fragmented or incomplete. Too, the information gathered may give a skewed view of the founder or theorist because people often tend to self-inflate the historical record. Therefore, the history of psychology is often an inaccurate perspective of the theorist and his or her contributions to the psychological discipline.

For this assignment, you are going to act as an historian of your own personal history, in much the same way as a historian of psychology would reconstruct the historical record (Chapter 1). Therefore, you are going to engage in this process to reconstruct, from documents and/or records, your own personal historical account. Hopefully, this will be a growth experience for you and also, that you will learn about the difficulty that ensues, when examining artifacts, in an effort to create an accurate historical account of you!

Before the Assignment:

  1. Read Chapter 1 from your textbook.
  2. You will review and examine 3 types of personal documents and/or records that reflect your personal history (i.e., personal documents/records include, but are not limited to, books, letters, emails, journals, writings, photos, videos, family trees, and financial records).
  3. Interview a family member or friend and ask him or her to recount your personal history.

Instructions:

  1. Your paper will include 6 different components, which are outlined below. Though you are writing a 6 part paper, be sure that your paper is written as one cohesive essay. The purpose of this assignment is for students to understand how historical accounts of psychological theorists are created, rather than for your professor to know more about who you are as a person. In other words, this historical account of yourself is meant to help students understand the process of creating a historical picture of a psychological theorist and the difficulties of creating an accurate and iron clad historical representation.
  2. Include the following in your paper:
    1. In two to three paragraphs, describe your personal history from the review and examination of your 3 personal documents.Be systematic when looking at the documents and records about “you,” and focus your historical reconstruction not from memory, but rather reconstruct your personal history directly from the documents/records you are reviewing ,you are taking an objective view of your historical records versus a subjective view. (Important: Be sure to outline in your writing, each of the three types of documents you examined, these must be clear and cited). This section must be written in the 3rd person; see rubric.).
    2. In one or two paragraphs, describe the your personal historical account from the interview you had with your family member or friend. The purpose of this interview is to understand who someone would say you were outside of your personal view of yourself. This section must be written in the 3rd person.
    3. Next , in another paragraph or two, describe how your personal historical account of yourself and your family members or friends historical account of you are both similar and different. These next sections  can be written in the first person.
    4. Continue in another paragraph, by discussing how the personal history you and your family member/friend described, is incomplete or missing important information relevant to you. Briefly, discuss whether the historical account was inflated or skewed.
    5. Explain in one paragraph, the “lens” by which you view the world (worldview or paradigm), and explain how your worldview has shaped your own personal history. A few components of worldview are as follows: society, culture, political/government, economic, education and/or religious context.
    6. Finally, explain in a paragraph how this process of retelling your own personal history from an objective viewpoint, has illuminated your understanding of how historiography (Chapter 1), shapes our knowledge and understanding of psychology’s historical past.

Additional Instructions:

  • Assignment should be approximately 750 – 1000words (3-4 pages) long and follow APA formatting style.
  • Times New Roman Font, 1 inch margins, double-spaced.
  • Remember, you must describe the three personal documents you are using in your paper.
  • Make sure to include 5 sources in your paper; your textbook (Chapter 1) and your three personal documents and the person you interviewed. In other words, all of your sources must be cited in your paper.
  • Include a title and reference page with any sources cited in your paper.

Must be three to five double-spaced pages in length, excluding title page and references page, and it must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

I want this assignment done from scratch none plagiarize because the university has a checker in they know how many time the assignment has been used so if I have to pay u will as well it isn’t fair for the student fail in have to retake a 1500 course over on assignment be honest in do the work correctly you are getting paid to do it You will regret it if you screw up so if you do not have time to do my assignments correctly than I rather you not bother because the short cut isn’t going to get it  . Thank you in advance .

 

Elaborate on the Topic for Your Critical Review

This assignment will be a continuation of the written assignment from Week One. Research a minimum of three peer-reviewed articles in addition to information from your text on the disorder you chose in Week One. Consider the key classes of drugs used to treat the disorder you chose in Week One and explain their action at the neurotransmitter system involved in the disease process. Analyze and describe the agonist-antagonist activity of the drugs and the receptor types and subtypes involved in the disorder. Elaborate on the receptor agonist-antagonist actions of the drugs and describe the most common side effects seen with these drugs. Evaluate the risk-benefits of drug use for this disorder.

The paper:

  • Must be three to five double-spaced pages in length, excluding title page and references page, and it must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
  • Must include a title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Your name
    • Course name and number
    • Your instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must use at least three peer-reviewed sources in addition to the text.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Select one memory disorder to research and detail its causes, symptoms, and treatments (traditional and emerging). Explain how therapists and/or psychologists can help support patients experiencing memory loss.

Select any three of the following items to write about. Each response should be 1-2 pages long. You may combine all responses into one paper and provide headings for each item.

  1. Distinguish between the human mind and computers as tools for thinking. What does the human mind do better and why? What does the computer do better and why? Weigh in on the debate over artificial intelligence and support your claims.
  2. Take this free creativity problem solving test or one of your choosing, and weigh in on the results. Do you feel they were on target? Do you think the survey questions accurately assess problem-solving creativity? Are there reliable ways to measure creativity? Why is creativity an imortant area of study for psychologists?
  3. Describe and discuss the role of consolidation. Identify how psychologists study this process and why. Provide examples from your life that demonstrate the process of consolidation in action.
  4. Describe mental imagery (theories and processes) and explain why people might use it for different reasons. How is it different from hypnosis. Identify a scientific study related to this process and describe the results. Weigh in on the effectiveness of mental imagery. What role does motivation play? Have you ever tried to incorporate it in to your life? Explain.
  5. Select one memory disorder to research and detail its causes, symptoms, and treatments (traditional and emerging). Explain how therapists and/or psychologists can help support patients experiencing memory loss.
  6. Research ways that culture influences how we categorize the world. Present a scenario using at least two different cultures to demonstrate the idea. Compare and contrast attitudes and perceptions based on cultural categorizations. Why is it important to recognize this distinction?
  7. Read the following excerpt from Final Jeopardy: Man vs. Machine and the Quest to Know Everything as discussed by delancyplace.com. Devise and conduct a unique experiment to mimic the findings of the Moses illusion. Detail your hypothesis, the experiment, the findings, and your analysis of those findings.
  8. Find at least one scholarly source for each item to support your ideas. A minimum total of three sources should be cited and listed on your reference page.)
  9. Use APA format to style your paper and cite and reference your sources.

Each response should be a 1—2 pages long, in addition to a title page and a reference page. Refer to the rubric for more information on how your assignment will be graded.

Describe at least one ethical and one culturally relevant concern to the study.  

Qualitative Study Evaluation

Locate an article from the peer-reviewed, scholarly journals in your field using one of the databases available in the Capella Library. This article should be no more than five years old and report on an empirical qualitative study. The article may be related to the topic you have selected for your final course paper. Use the study activities and the annotated Qualitative Study Evaluation Template to evaluate the study in your journal article. In your paper, demonstrate that you understand the important elements of the article: •The research problem. •Literature review. •Purpose statement. •Research design. •Research questions. •Data collection plan. •Data analysis and interpretation plan.  Include a statement about how you might use this study to inform your current or future work as a counselor. Describe at least one ethical and one culturally relevant concern to the study.

Written Requirements •Length of paper: 4–6 pages. •Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point

This is the template, please read carefully

Evaluation of a Qualitative Study First and Last Name  Capella University               Evaluation of a Qualitative Study For this assignment you will locate an article from the peer-reviewed scholarly journals in your field using one of the databases available in the Capella University Library.  This assignment should be between 4 and 6 pages in length, double-spaced using 12-point Times New Roman font, not counting the title page and reference section.    You will notice the running head contains the words “evaluation of a quantitative study” and it is presented in all capitals. Also, notice that the words “running head” appear only on the first page and just the running head itself appears on subsequent pages. Next, notice that the title on the second page above is centered and capitalized but it is not in bold. This follows the example on page 42 of the APA Manual and also a second example found on page 54.  Below you will notice that headings have been provided for this assignment. They follow the protocols for formatting level one and two headings found on page 62 and the example presented on page 58 of the APA Manual.  It is sound practice to consult the APA Manual for formatting guidance.   In the section immediately under the title, you are to provide a brief introduction to your assignment; however, you should not create a heading that states “Introduction.” You should present your introduction without a heading in order to comply with the guidance offered on page 63 of the APA Manual. Your introduction should tell the reader what the paper is about, such as what study is being evaluated and how your evaluation will proceed.  A single brief paragraph is all that is required. You can find more information about how to develop an introduction at the Capella Writing Center. Evaluation of the Research Problem   In most cases the research problem appears early on in a research report.  However, it is not always set off in its own section with a clear heading identifying it.  You may have to do a bit of detective work to locate the description of the research problem.   In your own words, without using direct quotes, summarize the research problem. Evaluating the Significance of the Problem Address the following questions.    Does the problem statement indicate a counseling issue to study?  You will have to make a judgment call as to whether or not the research article addresses a counseling issue and explain why or why not you have taken this position.   Has the author provided evidence that this issue is important? Briefly describe the evidence presented in the discussion of the research problem that demonstrates this is an important issue deserving of being researched.  Summarize in your own words, not direct quotes, the evidence presented and explain your own view of whether or not this is an important issue. Evaluation of the Literature Review   Sometimes the literature review is nicely organized and set off in its own section with thoughtful headings.  In other instances, comments on the literature associated with the research topic are scattered throughout the research report.  Develop your evaluation of the literature review portion of the article. Points to think about in your evaluation are how well the author(s) tell the story of the topic by synthesizing the literature they have reviewed, and what themes are present in the literature review.  Another point to consider is whether it appears that the author(s) conducted an unbiased review of the literature, presenting more than one possible point of view. Evaluation of Research Purpose Statement and Questions Qualitative is a broad approach to research, consisting of many specific research designs.  Examples are: grounded theory, case study, narrative, phenomenological, and ethnographic.  Each research design has been developed to address certain kinds of research questions. Researchers should explicitly state the name of their chosen research design, but sometimes they do not.    Likewise, sometimes authors state their purpose statement and research questions very clearly and sometimes they do not.  Use your growing knowledge to find these elements in the article you are evaluating.   Formal hypotheses are devices that are used for statistical analyses, so they will probably not appear in qualitative studies. Research Design Name the research design used and briefly, in your own words, describe how this design is going to address what the researchers want to know.  For example, a phenomenological design will explore the lived subjective experience of a group of people who share an experience in common. Research Purpose Statement The research purpose statement declares the intent of the study.  An example is: The purpose of the study is to use phenomenological research to explore the lived experience of intentionally childfree Hispanic women.  Identify the research purpose statement, and offer your thoughtful opinion on how the author(s) presented their purpose.  If you found the purpose statement lacking, be specific as to why.  Research Questions Research questions may be stated as questions or declarative statements.  They have a specific focus.  An example is:  what is the lived experience of intentionally and permanently childfree Hispanic women? Sometimes the research questions are clearly identified in a research report, other times you have to look for them, and sometimes they are not presented at all.  Examine your article and list the research questions if they are presented.  Offer your opinion on how well the research question was developed.  There may be more than one research question.    Evaluation of Data Collection Plan   In your own words, without using direct quotes, describe how participants were selected for this study.  Identify the type of sampling strategy that was used in this research study.  It will probably be explicitly stated in the article, using terms such as convenience, purposeful or snowball.   Explain why you have taken this position (other than, it says so in the article).  Offer your opinion of how the selection of participants could be improved in order to produce a stronger study.  Go beyond simply saying the sample could be larger, which would not demonstrate your growing knowledge of the purpose of specific sampling strategies.  Remember, the purpose of sampling is different for qualitative studies than it is for quantitative studies.  In qualitative studies, the goal is not to be able to generalize findings from the sample to the population.  Selection of Participants In your own words without using direct quotes, describe how participants were selected for this study.   Offer your assessment of what type of sampling was used in this research report. Offer your opinion of how the selection of participants could be improved in order to produce a stronger study. Gaining Permission Qualitative research is usually more intrusive than quantitative research because qualitative researchers typically spend more time at the research site and engage with the participants more directly than quantitative researchers. As a result, qualitative researchers have to be more sensitive and thoughtfully respect individual participants and research sites. Briefly summarize how the researchers gained permission to enter the research site and also how they obtained informed consent from the research participants to gather data. Offer an evaluation of whether or not the researchers gained permission according to ethical standards.  If this is not described in the research report, offer a brief explanation of how you would have gained permission and consent if you were conducting the research project.  Determining the Data to Collect In your own words, without using direct quotes, briefly describe the data that was collected in order to fulfill the study’s purpose and answer the research questions. The primary forms of data in qualitative research are observations, interviews and questionnaires, documents, and audiovisual materials. Which of these forms of data were collected? Were any other forms of data collected? Offer an evaluation of the appropriateness of the data that was collected in order for meeting the study’s goals. Recording Data Data recording protocols are usually forms designed by qualitative researchers to record information during interviews and observations. Did the researcher(s) describe the protocols they used?  If so, what were they? Offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of these protocols. If they are not described, what protocols would you recommend for this study?  Evaluation of Data Analysis and Interpretation Plan   In order to develop this section you may refer to the sections of the course text which address data analysis and interpretation for specific qualitative research designs.  Most of the data collected by qualitative researchers involves transcripts of interviews and field notes.  Some kind of coding of the data takes place.  There are many specific procedures for coding and analyzing the data.  Two specific strategies are thematic analysis and the constant comparative method. Preparing and Organizing Data for Analysis In your own words, briefly describe how the researcher(s) prepared and organized their data for analysis. Offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of this process. If this is not described in the research report, explain how you would have done it. Exploring and Coding the Data In your own words, briefly describe how the researcher(s) explored and coded the data. Offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of this process. If this is not described in the research report, explain how you would have done it. Using Codes to Build Description and Themes In your own words, briefly describe how the researcher(s) built description and themes. Offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of the process. If this is not described in the research report, explain how you would have done it. Representing and Reporting Findings Typically qualitative findings are presented in tables, figures and narrative. In your own words, briefly describe how the researcher(s) reported their findings. Offer your opinion of how effectively you feel their findings were presented and offer suggestions for improvement.  Interpreting Findings Qualitative researchers must step back and form larger meanings about the phenomenon under investigation based on their personal views, comparisons with past studies described in the literature, or both. Offer an evaluation of the meaningfulness of the interpretation provided in the research report. Briefly summarize the limitations of the study pointed out by its author(s). If no limitations are offered, present what you consider to be its limitations. Validating the Accuracy of the Findings. Typically, qualitative researchers rely on three techniques to validate their findings: triangulation, member checking, and external auditing. Briefly summarize how the researchers validated their findings. Offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of the process. If they do not describe how this was done, explain how you would have validated the findings. Evaluation of Ethical and Culturally Relevant Strategies Qualitative research typically involves entering the research site for an extended period of time, and extensively interacting with participants. Interviews may involve collecting in-depth and highly personal information. In your opinion, how well did the researcher(s) address ethical issues?   If the research report does not provide this information, what steps would you have taken if you were doing the research? Conclusion Offer your overall assessment of the quality of the research report.   Explain how you could use the information in the research report to inform your own work in the counseling profession.