identify a potential ethical issue in quantitative research and explain how it might influence design decisions. Finally, explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a quantitative approach.

Researchers consider validity and reliability with each new study they design. This is because validity and reliability are not fixed but rather reflect a particular study’s unique variables, research design, instruments, and participants.

In the context of research design, two types of validity, which speak to the quality of different features of the research process, are considered: internal validity and external validity. Assuming that the findings of a research study are internally valid—i.e., the researcher has used controls to determine that the outcome is indeed due to manipulation of the independent variable or the treatment—external validity refers to the extent to which the findings can be generalized from the sample to the population or to other settings and groups. Reliability refers to the replicability of the findings.

For this Discussion, you will consider threats to internal and external validity in quantitative research and the strategies used to mitigate these threats. You will also consider the ethical implications of designing quantitative research.

With these thoughts in mind:

By Day 4

Post an explanation of a threat to internal validity and a threat to external validity in quantitative research. Next, explain a strategy to mitigate each of these threats. Then, identify a potential ethical issue in quantitative research and explain how it might influence design decisions. Finally, explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a quantitative approach.

Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.Babbie, E. (2017) Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

· Chapter 3, “The Ethics and Politics of Social Research”

Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., & Crawford, L. M. (2016). The scholar-practitioner’s guide to research design. Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing.

· Chapter 7, “Quality Considerations”

 

Babbie, E. (2017) Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Chapter 3, “The Ethics and Politics of Social Research”

Review several of your classmate’s posts and respond to at least two of your peers by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7 of the week who have picked a different career path than you.

Week 1 – Discussion

5151 unread replies.6969 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

Careers in Neuroscience

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Chapter 1 in the text and review the required websites for the week including the NeuroJobs Career Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
In your initial post, discuss a potential career path that interests you in an area of neuroscience and share your answers to the following questions with your classmates:

  • Why does this career path or position interest you?
  • What brain functions and neuroscience most interest you and why? Select one or more from the following list:
    • Neurobiological theories that explain dysfunctions in vision, language, memory, emotion, and behavior networks
    • Receptor and neurotransmitter theory in relation to behavior
    • Laboratory studies of brain chemicals or structural abnormalities
    • Disorders of language or visuospatial functioning
    • Disorders of memory
    • Disorders of development (e.g., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
    • Disorders of aging (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia)
  • What academic training is required?
  • Are there additional requirements (clinical practicum, research background)?
  • What types of employment opportunities are available in this area?

Guided Response: Review several of your classmate’s posts and respond to at least two of your peers by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7 of the week who have picked a different career path than you. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful and interactive discourse in this discussion.  In your response, list at least one potential barrier to your colleague’s career choice (e.g., cost, length of education, future job prospects) and how this barrier could be overcome.  Continue to monitor the discussion forum until 5:00 p.m. Mountain Standard Time (MST) on Day 7 of the week and respond to anyone who replies to your initial post.

In what case, can police stop a suspect as long as there is a reasonable suspicion of a criminal act?Question 10 options:Terry v. OhioMiranda v. ArizonaGideon v. WainwrightIllinois v. Rodriguez

Question 1 (2 points)

Question 1 UnsavedIn Minnesota vs Dickerson, the U.S. Supreme Court adopted the plain touch doctrine, allowing officers to seize what, using the sense of touch during a lawful patdown without a warrant?Question 1 options:Probable causeEvidenceFruit of the poisonous treeWritSave

Question 2 (2 points)

Question 2 UnsavedMany Supreme Court cases recognize that the basic purpose of the Fourth Amendment is to safeguard the privacy and what of United States citizens?Question 2 options:MoneySecurityEvidenceWitness

Save

Question 3 (2 points)

Question 3 UnsavedThe Fourth Amendment measures what as the ultimate measure of the constitutionality of a government search?Question 3 options:ReasonablenessEvidenceUnreasonablenessObjectiveSave

Question 4 (2 points)

Question 4 UnsavedThe Fourth Amendments states that “the right of the people to be secure” in their what?Question 4 options:CarGarageWorkplacePersons, houses, papers, and effectsSave

Question 5 (2 points)

Question 5 UnsavedThe plain view doctrine applies only to sightings by the police based on what type of circumstances?Question 5 options:IllegalLegalSearch and seizureWarrantless searchSave

Question 6 (2 points)

Question 6 UnsavedAuthority to enter and/or search an open field with a warrant is supported by what case?Question 6 options:Hester v. USIllinois v. KrullTerry v. OhioThornon v. U.S.Save

Question 7 (2 points)

Question 7 UnsavedIn Chimel v. California, a search incident to lawful arrest does not require issuance of a warrant based on what measure?Question 7 options:ProtectiveReasonableWarrantPoisonous treeSave

Question 8 (2 points)

Question 8 UnsavedNo warrant is required to seize what in plain view?Question 8 options:Poisonous treeEvidenceWritProbable causeSave

Question 9 (2 points)

Question 9 UnsavedIn Illinois v. Rodriguez, if a person gives what, no warrant is required for a search or seizure.Question 9 options:Poisonous treePermissionWritProbable causeSave

Question 10 (2 points)

Question 10 UnsavedIn what case, can police stop a suspect as long as there is a reasonable suspicion of a criminal act?Question 10 options:Terry v. OhioMiranda v. ArizonaGideon v. WainwrightIllinois v. Rodriguez

Explain ethical concerns that may impact your work on this case. Be sure to cite relevant APA Ethical Guidelines, Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology and/or Multicultural Competence Guidelines located within the Week 2 Learning Resources.

Review one of the juvenile mass school shooter cases listed below. A couple of them also killed one, or both, parents, in addition to students at school. Each of these juvenile mass school shooters was “bound over” to adult court, tried, and sentenced as adults.

Kip Kinkel

Charles Andrew Williams

Barry Loukaitis

Michael Carneal

Luke Woodham

Thomas “T.J.” Lane

For this Final Project, you are to apply  kansas state case law, identify forensic risk assessment factors, and evaluate your own biases pertaining to the case you chose.

Write a 10- to 12-page (not including references, title page, or abstract) APA-formatted paper in which you do the following:

  • Review/research current state laws pertaining to juveniles “bound over” to adult court. Provide an analysis of your state laws regarding juveniles sentenced as adults. If you are an international student, you may use your local or regional laws.
  • Evaluate risk factors that may have contributed to the shooter’s actions. Be sure to include developmental risk factors.
  • Recommend forensic risk assessment instruments that would be appropriate to be used in evaluating risk specific to this case.
  • Evaluate your own personal biases, which may lead to weaknesses regarding how you effectively communicate the results of the forensic assessment where the defendant is a juvenile given a life sentence.
  • Explain ethical concerns that may impact your work on this case. Be sure to cite relevant APA Ethical Guidelines, Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology and/or Multicultural Competence Guidelines located within the Week 2 Learning Resources.

The Final Project must include a minimum of five academic references (in addition to any course readings that you may wish to reference). Please be aware that non-professional, user-created websites such as Wikipedia will not be accepted as scholarly references.

Write a 2-3 page reflective essay on your results. Make sure to include information on your current stress level.

STRESS, WELLNESS, AND TIME MANAGEMENT

Poor time management skills often lead to additional stress in our daily lives.

In The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey, it says that people spend time in one of four quadrants. Click on the link below and review Covey’s quadrants.

http://getorganized.fcorgp.com/content/are-you-working-wrong-things

Now it is time to fill out your own Covey quadrants. Use the strategies discussed above to move more items to Quadrant 2.

Covey Quadrants

This is for your own use; you do not need to upload the quadrants. This is a very proven strategy that can help make your day-to-day life more enjoyable.

Life Events that lead to Stress:

Review and complete the Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory assessment.

You will need to mark each item that has occurred in your life in the past year and then add up all of the points.

You will not be sharing your individual answers to each question with your professor. Write a 2-3 page reflective essay on your results. Make sure to include information on your current stress level. Also comment on strategies that you currently use or may use in the future if your stress level becomes overwhelming.

Submit your completed Case Assignment essay.

 

On the Holmes-Rahe life stress assessment I got a 268 score and I also attached the file for it. Current stress level includes: Death of a close family member, pregnancy, gaining a family member, major change in responability at work, spouse ceasing work, major change in living conditions (moved), major change in sleeping habits.

Write on the potential ethical issues that might arise during the study you choose. What can you do to minimize their potential? What would you do if faced with your ethical concerns?

This paper requires the student to justify their actions when faced with an ethical dilemma. Choose one of the following ethical dilemmas and reflect upon what you would do if you were the researcher.

1. You are interviewing college women who are anorexic, but whose anorexia is no longer active, about their schooling experiences. You have arranged to interview each of your participants at least five times over two consecutive semesters. During the third interview with one participant, just after the winter holidays, you begin to suspect that her anorexia is active again because of her obvious weight loss and a few of her comments. When you ask her how her health is, she replies that she is feeling great. What do you do?

2. You are working on an intellectual biography of a well-respected police chief. Most of your interviews are with the chief who has obviously consented to your request to compose an intellectual biography, including some attention to his formative years. You are reading all of his published works and interviewing some family members as well as significant colleagues. In the process, you uncover some potentially damaging or, at the least, unflattering information about his private life. What do you do?

3. You are inquiring into a refugee resettlement program in a small southern city, with particular interest in educational aspects and community involvement. Through development of rapport and time spent volunteering with the program, you begin to learn how an early immigrant is seemingly taking financial advantage of recent refugees. He is charging for information and services that should be provided through the settlement program and people are going to him, rather than trying to get their needs met through the program. You want to protect the new refugees from exploitation and to report the behavior of the earlier immigrant, yet you also worry that perhaps you don’t fully understand what is happening culturally. What do you do?

Write on the potential ethical issues that might arise during the study you choose. What can you do to minimize their potential? What would you do if faced with your ethical concerns?

Assignment Specifics:

· Student will write a 10-12 paper (choose from one of the three)

· Citations from 10 scholarly sources

· Citations from any of the required reading/presentations from the assigned module

· APA format

Evaluate the research questions (The Research Questions and Hypotheses Checklist can be used as a guide to facilitate your evaluation; it is not meant to be used in a Yes/No response format in writing your Discussion post.) (ATTACHED)

As you learned in previous weeks, alignment means that a research study possesses clear and logical connections among all of its various components. In addition to considering alignment, qualitative researchers must also consider the ethical implications of their design choice, including, for example, what their choice means for participant recruitment, procedures, and privacy.

For this Discussion, you will evaluate qualitative research questions in the assigned journal article (Attached)

Liu, J., McMahon, M., & Watson, M. (2015). Parental influence on child career development in mainland China: A qualitative study. The Career Development Quarterly, 63(1), 74–87. doi:10.1002/j.2161-0045.2015.00096.x

and consider the alignment of theory, problem, purpose, research questions, and design. You will also identify the type of qualitative research design or approach the authors used and explain how it was implemented. Narrative, ethnographic, grounded theory, case study, and phenomenology are examples of types of research designs or approaches used in qualitative research.

Post a critique of the research study in which you:

  • Evaluate the research questions (The Research Questions and Hypotheses Checklist can be used as a guide to facilitate your evaluation; it is not meant to be used in a Yes/No response format in writing your Discussion post.) (ATTACHED)
  • Identify the type of qualitative research approach used and explain how the researchers implemented the design
  • Analyze alignment among the theoretical or conceptual framework, problem, purpose, research questions, and design

Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.

Identify a specific peer-reviewed article and explain how it could inform understanding of the problem/population, development of goals, or intervention and treatment plan

In order to provide the appropriate intervention, social workers first need to have conducted a thorough assessment. Having a comprehensive understanding of a client and their social environment, including the influence of racism and ethnocentrism, allows a social worker to accurately identify the presenting problems and help the client develop goals to address their needs. Not completing a full assessment may result in inaccurately identifying the presenting problem and pushing goals on the client to which they do not agree. A good assessment is the best foundation for treatment planning.

In addition, evidence based practice requires social workers to use the best available evidence to inform their practice decisions. This assignment helps you prepare for the final project by beginning to identify the presenting problem and possible goals, as well as beginning the research process to inform your treatment recommendations when working with the identified client in a case study.

CASE STUDY: JUAN AND ELENA

 

Submit a 3 pages paper in which you:

  • Identify the case you will be using for the final project
  • Describe the presenting problem(s)
  • Describe 2 goals for the client based on their presenting problem
  • Identify a specific peer-reviewed article and explain how it could inform understanding of the problem/population, development of goals, or intervention and treatment plan
  • Explain how ethnocentrism and racism may influence the case (make sure to draw from this week’s assigned readings)

USE REFERENCES BELOW ONLY:

 

Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (10th ed.). Boston, MA:  Cengage Learning.

  • Chapter 5 (pp. 254-294)

Patcher, L. M., Szalacha, L. A., Bernstein, B., & Garcia Coil, C. (2010). Perceptions of racism in children and youth: Properties as a self-report instrument for research on children’s health and development. Ethnicity & Health, 15(1), 33–46.

Cristol, D., & Gimbert, B. (2008). Racial perceptions of young children: A review of literature post-1999. Early Childhood Education Journal, 36(2), 201–207.

Create a PowerPoint presentation of at least 10 slides that could be given in a professional context.

Create a PowerPoint presentation of at least 10 slides that could be given in a professional context. The presentation will demonstrate the use of professional guidelines and tools that create a strategy for dealing with an ethical dilemma in a simulated case study, and will analyze the usefulness of those guidelines and tools.

Note: You are strongly encouraged to complete the assessments in this course in the order in which they are presented.

Ethical principles, professional standards, theories, and decision-making models provide guides for navigating complex moral choices in professional contexts.

SHOW LESS

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 1: Apply ethical principles and standards to ethical dilemmas.
    • Ethical Concerns: Apply ethical standards to ethical concerns pertaining to a case study.
  • Competency 2: Employ models of ethical reasoning and ethical decision making.
    • Ethical Theory: Analyze ethical theories and justify application of one theory in an attempt to resolve the ethical dilemma in the case study.
    • Ethical Decision Making: Apply steps in an ethical decision-making model to an ethical dilemma in the case study.
    • Solution: Design a viable solution for an ethical problem.
  • Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the psychological professions.
    • Communication: Write clearly, with correct spelling, grammar, syntax, and good organization, following APA style standards.

     

Preparation

  • View the Case Study Scenario Parts 1 and 2, which are linked in Required Resources.
  • Download and use the Ethics Case Study Template, which is also linked in Required Resources. Do not submit a paper for this assessment. Papers will not be graded. You will complete this assessment by replacing all language that is enclosed with brackets […] in the PowerPoint with your own words. As in the previous assessment, you may enhance the design of the presentation to make it more effective. Again, links to tips for using PowerPoint and designing effective presentations are provided in Suggested Resources.
  • Review Fisher’s Ethical Decision-Making Model, which is linked in Required Resources.
  • Review Ethical Theories, which is linked in Required Resources.

The Presentation

Your PowerPoint should include the following:

  1. Title slide: On the first slide of the PowerPoint:
    • Enter a descriptive title of approximately 5–15 words that concisely communicates the heart of the case study. It should stir interest while maintaining professional decorum.
    • Enter your name, and a job title and organization that would fit with your case study.
  2. Case Study Overview slides: Provide the briefest possible narrative description of the professional conflict in the case. Additional supporting details and references can be added in the notes section in the slide. The overview should include:
    • The professional setting of the case.
    • Brief descriptions of the individuals involved and their roles.
    • A brief summation of the ethical dilemma presented in the case study.
  3. Ethical Concerns slides: Bullet point three or more ethical concerns in the case and apply one or more ethical standards to each concern. Additional supporting details and references can be added in the notes section on the slide. Be sure to link to elements of the code.
  4. Comparison of Ethical Theories slides: In the first row of the provided table, enter the names of two ethical theories that you think would be the most appropriate for the situations in the case. In the following rows, enter comparisons of relevant features of the two theories. In the notes section, evaluate which theory provides a more functional framework for your case and explain why. (Note that ethical theories and ethical decision-making models are two different things. Please make sure you are comparing, contrasting, and evaluating two ethical theories).
  5. Ethical Decision-Making Model slides:
    • Choose an ethical decision-making model, and identify each step in the model.
    • Apply the model to your case and, under each step of the model, describe how that step would look if you applied it to the case.
    • Incorporate multicultural issues presented in the case study within the selected ethical decision-making model.
    • Add copies of this slide as needed, and combine steps on the slides as necessary or appropriate. In the notes section, write out supporting narrative details for your bullet points. (Note that ethical theories and ethical decision-making models are two different things. Please make sure you are applying steps of the ethical decision-making model to your case).
  6. Proposed Resolution slide: Use bullet points to summarize your proposed resolution to the ethical dilemmas in the case. In the notes section, write out supporting narrative details for your bullet points.
  7. References slides: Use current APA style and formatting guidelines.
    • Citation requirements: You must cite at least three scholarly research articles. You may cite reputable sources form Web sites, books, textbooks, and suggested resources as well, but these will not count toward the three required scholarly research references.

Additional Requirements

  • Written communication: Should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • Format: Use the Ethics Case Study Template provided in the Required Resources. Use current APA style and formatting guidelines as applicable to this assessment.
  • References: Three scholarly research articles.
  • Length of PowerPoint: A minimum of 10 slides.

Describe the pathology of the disorder with an emphasis on the abnormalities of nervous system structure and function, including any genetic and biochemical aspects.

Selection of Final Project Topic

[WLOs: 1, 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4]

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review Chapters 1 and 2 in the course text, as well as the Multicellular organisms and their nervous systems and Discovering the human brain: New pathways to neuroscience, with Susan Bookheimer, Ph.D videos, and watch the The DSM-5: Accessing and Using the DSM-5 in the Ashford University Library (Links to an external site.) screencast on how to access and use this resource, and how to cite and reference the DSM-5.

This assignment is an analysis of a selected neuropsychological disorder. The disorder you select this week will be used to complete the Week 1 assignment (topic selection). You will continue to use the same disorder to complete the Week 2 assignment (annotated bibliography), the Week 3 assignment (annotated outline of Final Project), and the Week 5 assignment (Final Project). Your completed Weeks 1 through 3 assignments will be used as a foundation to help you complete your Week 5 assignment (Final Project).

Select a neuropsychological disorder for comprehensive analysis from the following list. Your selection of topic should be based on your personal or professional experience, or your own academic or personal interest in the topic. Be sure to use current terminology from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5).

Please select your topic from the following list:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Anxiety
    • Choose and focus on one of the anxiety disorders (g., generalized anxiety disorder or social anxiety disorder).
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Substance use disorder (substance abuse and addiction)
    • Provide both an overview of this topic plus a focus on a single drug of your choice.
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder (autism spectrum disorder or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder)
  • Neurocognitive disorder
    • Choose and focus on one of the neurocognitive disorders (g., one of the dementias).
  • Neurological disorder
    • Choose and focus on one neurological disorder (g., multiple sclerosis, spina bifida).
  • Sleep-wake disorder
    • Choose and focus on one of the sleep-wake disorders.
  • Feeding and eating disorder
    • Choose and focus on one of the feeding and eating disorders.
  • Sexual dysfunction or gender dysphoria
    • Choose and focus on one of the conditions in these categories.
  • Other neuropsychological disorder found in the DSM-5 but not on the list above
    • This option must be approved in advance by the instructor before your assignment is submitted.

In keeping with the focus of this class, the emphasis of your paper should be on the neuroscience aspects of the disorder you selected. In your paper, please be sure that the following aspects of your topic are discussed:

  • Explain the theories of etiology (causes) with a focus on the neurobiology of the disorder.
  • Explain associated factors in development of the disorder (genetic, environmental, familial, lifestyle).
  • Describe the pathology of the disorder with an emphasis on the abnormalities of nervous system structure and function, including any genetic and biochemical aspects.
  • Give examples of treatment options, including both drug (pharmacological) and non-drug (nonpharmacological treatments), with rationales for use of these treatments based on current understanding of the neurobiology of the disorder.
  • Summarize diagnostic and research technologies employed in clinical diagnosis, clinical and behavioral health care, and basic science research.

Please research your topic and obtain a minimum of two to three scholarly and/or peer-reviewed sources published within the last five years. These sources should provide evidence-based information regarding the biological and psychological features of the disorder, with an emphasis on the neurobiology of your selected topic. Be sure to cite your sources in your paper and include them on your references page. You may utilize required or recommended course materials in your work, but these will not count towards the reference requirements; however, you may cite and reference the DSM-5 as one of your sources used for the grading credit.

The Selection of Final Project Topic Week 1 assignment:

  • Must be a minimum of two to three double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.)
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper.
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted

For further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.).

  • Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance.
  • Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.
    • For assistance on writing Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.) as well as Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.), refer to the Ashford Writing Center resources.
  • Must use at least two to three scholarly or peer-reviewed sources published within the last five years in addition to the course text or other course materials. You may also use required and recommended materials from the course but these will not count towards the research component of your grade.
    • The Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types and the Ashford University Quick ‘n’ Dirty (Links to an external site.) video provides library search tips. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
  • Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.)
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.) resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.) for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.